Fishermen, Hunters, Farmers: Most people in the
Aztec world were farmers. Farmers were taught how to be good
farmers in the Aztec schools. Farmers were in charge of building
the floating gardens. Fisherman fished. Hunters hunted.
Soldiers: Aztec soldiers were very fierce. Aztecs
fought nearly constant wars, once they started to expand their
empire. Soldiers also protected the empires trade routes.
Soldiers were highly respected. If they lived long enough, they
were able to retire in style.
The job of teacher was highly respected. All Aztec children,
including slaves, had to attend school.
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Priests were religious leaders. They were also important in
government. They conduced the many ceremonies and sacrifices
needed to feed the hungry Aztec gods. The priests created the
calendars, and kept records written on codices in hieroglyphics.
Some priests taught in the schools.
Because the Aztecs were feared and powerful, traders could
travel in safely along the waterways and shoreline. Many traders
became very rich. They bartered for luxury goods, jewelry, cocoa
beans, jaguar skins, gold, silver and art. The traders brought
their goods back to the Aztec marketplace where they were sold
Merchants typically specialized. One merchant might sell only
woven baskets. Another might sell only jewelry. There were many
markets in the bustling capital city of Tenochtitlan. There were
very few robberies or incidents of theft. Aztec laws were very
severe as was their punishment for breaking a law.
Aztec medicine was quite advanced. Doctors were trained in Aztec
schools. They made about 1000 different medicines. They healed wounds,
set broken bones, and provided medicine to cure a stomach ache. They
also offered dental care.
Builders: Trained in the Aztec
schools, both engineers and builders were highly respected. It was their
job to design and manage the construction of temples, pyramids, plazas,
Aztec craftsmen created works of art. Their art was colorful and
typically religious in nature. They used gold, silver, clay, paints, and
textiles to create beautiful things.
Matchmakers were soothsayers. They studied omens and signs to make sure
two people would be happy together. The matchmaker stayed involved in
the marriage until the couple “tied the knot”.
of the most highly respected professions in the Aztec world was that of
Aztec Ball Game & Players